West Nusa Tenggara (known as Nusa Tenggara Barat or NTB) is part of the island chain originally called the lesser Sunda Island, and refers to the island directly to the east of Bali. Located slightly south of the equator, NTB is comprised of two main islands: Lombok and Sumbawa, as well as hundreds of smaller islands and coral atolls in the surrounding waters. The NTB region offers a fascinating variety of landscapes, places of interest and various activities for the tourist. Tropical islands and coastlines lined with pristine beaches, fabulous waters for swimming, sunbathing, sailing, surfing, fishing and underwater activities await traveller to the area.
Lombok has a chain of volcanic mountains in the north, providing majestic scenery and lush agriculture lands on its slopes. The highest peak, Mt.Rinjani, towers 3726 m above the surrounding countryside and is internationally recognised as a world class destination for trekking and mountain climbing. Around the the slopes of Rinjani are forest and agriculture areas, sprinkled with waterfalls and surrounded by stuning scenery. In other parts of the island, terraced rice paddies, natural jungle and age-old forests thrive in the rich volcanic soil.
Small island, known locally as “gili”, surround Lombok and provide endless opportunities for diving, snorkeling and fishing in the calm, clear water. The most famous of these, the “Gili Island” are three small island(Gili Air, Gili Meno and Gili Trawangan) off the northwest coast, which attract thousands of tourists annually to their idyllic shores. Equally beatiful islands lie off southwest, south and northeast coast and as yet are undeveloped, but are delightful for day-trips and underwater tours.
To the east of Lombok, Sumbawa is an exciting destination with mountain ranges, volcanic ridges, inspiring landscapes and ancient craters. Mount Tambora, which dominates the north of the island, is credited with the most destructive eruption in recorded history and provides an insight into the power of volcanic activity and its own awesome appeal.
Sumbawa‘s south coast is lined with extinct volcanic peaks that plunge straight into the Indian Ocean, providing a dramatically stunning coastline. Many beaches in the area now attract surfing enthusiasts from around the world to challenge the huge waves along the south coast.
Diving, Surving, Snorkelling and deep sea fishing opportunities abound in the waters surrounding this large island. To the north, Moyo island, with its pristine environment, waterfalls, native flora and fauna, and amazing underwater world attract elite clientele from around the world. Sumbawa is an island rich in natural resources, many of which have barely been discovered.
Lombok’s accommodation includes final local hotels and international star-rated resort such as Sheraton, Senggigi Beach Hotel, Holiday Resort and Oberoi Lombok. Sumbawa has an Aman Resort on Moyo island and a moderate range of hotels, particulary at Hu’u(internationally known as lakey Beach) and Maluk/ Sekongkang(in south-west Sumbawa).
NTB is not overdeveloped, but has a good infrastucture to provide travellers with all the comforts while exploring. Both have unique cultures, with authentic traditions and handicrafts to discover. The scenery of both islands varies greatly, from rainforests and jungles, to hillsides terraced with rice fields, to arid savannah plains, to breathtaking coastal sceney. Lombok and Sumbawa offer something to all types of travellers, whether they are looking for peace and relaxation in beautiful surroundings; or excitement and adventure in some of the most dramatic setting in indonesia. These are islands that appeal to those with sense of adventure, a natur curiosity about other cultures, and an appreciation for true natural beauty.